Top 50 Software Engineering Interview Questions and Answers (2022) (2023)

1) What are the important categories of software?

  • System software
  • Application software
  • Embedded software
  • Web Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence software
  • Scientific software.

2) What is the main difference between a computer program and computer software?

A computer program is a piece of programming code. It performs a well-defined task. On the other hand, the software includes programming code, documentation and user guide.

3) What is software re-engineering?

It is a process of software development which is done to improve the maintainability of a software system.

4) Describe the software development process in brief:

The software development is a life cycle is composed of the following stages:

  • Requirement analysis
  • Specification
  • Software architecture
  • Implementation
  • Testing
  • Documentation
  • Training and support
  • Maintenance

5) What are SDLC models available?

Waterfall Model, Spiral Model, Big-bag model, Iterative Model, and V- Model are some of the famous SDLC models.

Top 50 Software Engineering Interview Questions and Answers (2022) (1)

6) What is verification and validation?


Verification is a term that refers to the set of activities which ensure that software implements a specific function.


It refers to the set of activities which ensure that software that has been built according to the need of clients.

7) In software development process what is the meaning of debugging?

Debugging is the process that results in the removal of error. It is very important part of the successful testing.

8) How can you make sure that your code is both safe and fast?

In the software, development security is always first. So if the execution of the program is slow then, I will try to identify the reason out ways to its time complexity.

9) Name two tools which are used for keeping track of software requirements?

There many l ways to keep track of requirements.

Two commonly used are:

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  • Make a requirements specifications document to list all of the requirements.
  • Create an excel sheet the list down the requirement, type, dependency, priority, etc.

10) What is the main difference between a stubs, a mock?

A stub is a minimal implementation of an interface which generally returns hardcoded data while mock usually verifies outputs against expectations. Those expectations are set in the test.

11) What language do you like to write programming algorithms?

Every developer has their views when it comes to the programming language choices. Though, one should prefer high-level languages because they are dynamic. Like C and C++ languages.

12) What is computer software?

Computer software is a package which includes a software program, its documentation, and user guide on how to use the software.

13) According to you which SDLC model is the best?

There, is no such ranking, as SDLC Models are adopted as per the need for the development process. It may differ software-to-software.

14) Who is software project manager? What is his role?

A software project manager is a person responsible for managing the software development project.

The project manager is doing the project planning, monitoring the progress, communication. He or she also manages risks and resources to deliver the project within time, cost, and quality constraints.

15) What is mean by software scope?

Software scope is a well-defined boundary. It includes all kind of activities that are done to develop and deliver the software product.

The software scope defines all functionalities and artifacts to be delivered as a part of the software. The scope also identifies what the product will do? What is not the part of the project? What is project estimation?

This process is helpful to estimate various aspects of the software product. This estimation can be decided either consulting experts or by using pre-defined formulas.

16) How to find the size of a software product?

The size of software product can be calculated using by following two methods

  • Counting the lines of delivered code
  • Counting delivered function points

17) What are function points?

Function points are the features which are provided by the software product. It is considered as a most important measurement for software size.

18) What are software project estimation techniques available?

Most widely used estimation techniques are:

  • Decomposition technique
  • Empirical technique

19) What is Software configuration management?

Software configuration management is a process of tracking and controlling changes that happen in the software.


Change control is a function which ensures that all changes made into the software system are consistent and created using organizational rules and regulations.

20) How can you measure project execution?

We can measure project execution using Activity Monitoring, Status Reports, and Milestone Checklists.

21) Tell me about some project management tools.

There are many types of management tools used as per the need for a software project. Some of them are Pert Chart, Gantt Chart, Resource Histogram, Status Reports, etc.

22) What are software requirements?

Software requirements are a functional description of a proposed software system. It is assumed to be the description of the target system, its functionalities, and features.

23) What is feasibility study?

It is a measure to find out how practical and beneficial the software project development will prove to the organization. The software analyzer conducts a study to know the economic, technical and operational feasibility of the project.

  1. Economic: It includes the cost of training, cost of additional and tools and overall estimation of costs and benefits of the project.
  2. Technical: It evaluate technical aspect. Is it possible to develop this system? Assessing the suitability of machine(s) and OS on which software will execute, knowledge of the software development and tools available for this project.
  3. Operational: Here the analyst need to assess that the organization will able to adjust smoothly to the changes done as per the demand for the project. Is the problem worth solving at the estimated cost?

After, studying all this the final feasibility report is created.

24) What are functional and non-functional requirements?

Functional requirements are functional features which are expected by users from the proposed software product.

Non-functional requirements are related to security, performance, look, and feel of the user interface.

25) What is software metric?

Software Metrics offers measures for various aspects of software process which are divided into:

  1. Requirement metrics: Length requirements, completeness
  2. Product metrics: Number of coding Lines, Object-oriented metrics, design and test metrics.

26) What is modularization?

Modularization is a technique which is used for dividing a software system into various discreet modules. That is expected to carry out the tasks independently.

27) What is cohesion?

Cohesion is a measure that defines the intra-dependability among the elements of the module.

28) Mentions some software analysis & design tools?

Some of the most important software analysis and designing tools are:

  • Data Flow Diagrams
  • Structured Charts
  • Structured English
  • Data Dictionary
  • Hierarchical Input Process Output diagrams
  • Entity Relationship Diagrams and Decision tables

29) What is mean by level-0 Data flow diagram?

Highest abstraction level is called Level 0 of DFD. It is also called context level DFD. It portrays the entire information system as one diagram.

30) What is the major difference between structured English and Pseudo Code?

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Structured English is native English language. It is used to write the structure of a program module. It uses programming language keywords. On the other hand, Pseudo Code is more like to the programming language without syntax of any specific language.

31) What is structured design?

Structured design is a conceptualization of problem. It also called solution design and which is based on ‘divide and conquer’ strategy.

32) What is functional programming?

It is a programming method, which uses the concepts of a mathematical function. It provides means of computation as mathematical functions, which also produces results irrespective of program state.

33) What is Quality Assurance vs. Quality Control?

Quality Assurance checks if proper process is followed while developing the software while Quality Control deals with maintaining the quality of software product.

34) What are CASE tools?

CASE means Computer Aided Software Engineering. They are set of automated software application programs, which are used to support, enhance and strengthen the SDLC activities.

35) Which process model removes defects before software get into trouble?

Clean room software engineering method removes defects before software gets into trouble.

36) Solve this problem

There are twenty different socks of two types in a drawer in one dark room. What is the minimum number of socks you need to take to ensure you have a matching pair?”

If you pick up three socks, they may be of the same type even if the odds are 50%. Odds never an equal reality. Therefore, the only way to ‘ensure you have a matching pair’ is to pick up at least 11 number of shocks.

37) How you can make sure that your written code which can handle various kinds of error situation?

I can write tests that define the expected error situations.

38) Explain the differences between a Thread and a Process?

A process is instance of the computer program.In a single program it is possible to have one or more threads.

39) Tell me the difference between an EXE and a DLL?

An exe is an executable program while a DLL is a file that can be loaded and executed by programs dynamically. It is an external code repository for programs. As both are different programs, reuse the same DLL instead of having that code in their file. It also reduces required storage space.

40) What is strong-typing and weak-typing? Which is preferred? Why?

Strong typing checks the types of variables at compile time. On the other hand, weak typing checks the types of the system at run-time. Among them, Strong typing is always preferred because it minimizes the bugs.

41) Describe the difference between Interface-oriented, Object-oriented and Aspect-oriented programming.

  • Interface programming is contract based.
  • Object-oriented is a way to write granular objects which have a single purpose.
  • Aspect Oriented Programming is to segregate the code in such a manner that various objects carry the main tasks, and the subsidiary tasks are carried by independent objects.

42) Why using catch (exception) is always a bad idea?

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It is a bad idea because:

  • As there is no variable defined, it is not possible to read the exception
  • It’s good to use an exception when you have known exception types.

43) What type of data is passed via HTTP Headers?

Script and metadata passed via HTTP headers.

44) How do you prioritize requirements?

First, you need to design a system by evaluating data structure. Then you should move on to the code structure needed to support it.

45) Give me differences between object-oriented and component-based design?

Object-oriented design can easily be encapsulated to some degree in component-based design.

46) When do you use polymorphism?

Polymorphism is used when there is a need for override functionality when inheriting class. It’s about shared classes and shared contracts.

47) What is the difference between stack and queue?

  • Queue is always First In, First Out
  • Stack is always Last In, First Out

48) What is essential for testing the quality of the code?

According to me, the unit testing framework is essential for testing the quality of the code.

49) Do you think that the maintenance of software is expensive?

According to me, maintenances of software will never be expensive if we are using proper development process.

50) Give me differences between tags and branches?

Tags are for versioning releases which are temporary holding places for doing such thing. However, branches are deleted when those changes are merged into the trunk.

51) Where is a protected class-level variable available?

Protected class-level variables are available to any sub-class derived from the base class.

52) Is it possible to execute multiple catch blocks for a single try statement?

Yes. Multiple catch blocks can be executed for a single try statement.

53) When do you need to declare a class as abstract?

We should declare a class as abstract in the following situations:

  1. When the class is inherited from an abstract class, but not all the abstract methods have been overridden.
  2. In the case when minimum one of the methods in the class is declared as an abstract.

54) Develop an algorithm that output your current location and a list of ATMs locations in that area. Get you the closest K ATMs to your location.

Create a method getDistance(a, b) that calculates the distance between a and b.


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import java.util.HashMap;import java.util.Map;import java.util.PriorityQueue;public class PrioRQueueExample {public static void main(String[] args){PriorityQueue<Double> pq = new PriorityQueue<Double>((x,y)-> {Double z = y-x;return z.intValue(); });PrioRQueueExample pqe = new PrioRQueueExample();//Number of ATMs to return i.e. Kint num_ATMs = 3;double curr_loc = 0.00;Map<String,Double> nallATMLocs = new HashMap<String,Double>();//Map of ATM names and their distance co-ordinatesnallATMLocs.put("atm1",45.0);nallATMLocs.put("atm2",78.0);nallATMLocs.put("atm3",54.0);nallATMLocs.put("atm4",64.0);nallATMLocs.put("atm5",35.0);nallATMLocs.put("atm6",42.0);nallATMLocs.put("atm7",57.0);nallATMLocs.put("atm7",1.00);nallATMLocs.forEach((atm,dist) ->{if(pq.size() < num_ATMs){pq.add(pqe.getLocation(curr_loc,dist));}else{if( pq.peek() > pqe.getLocation(curr_loc,dist)){pq.poll();pq.add(pqe.getLocation(curr_loc,dist));}}});pq.forEach(atmLoc -> System.out.println(atmLoc));}private double getLocation(double curr,double atm){return atm - curr;}}

Free PDF Download: Software Engineering Interview Questions & Answers


What are the 10 most common interview questions and answers engineering? ›

20 common engineering interview questions

Tell me about the most challenging engineering project you've worked on. Describe a written technical report or presentation you had to complete. Explain a time you had to use logic to solve an engineering problem. Describe a time you demonstrated leadership skills at work.

What are the 5 hardest interview questions? ›

Here, Denham offers some advice on how to answer five of the toughest interview questions:
  • What is your biggest weakness? Strelka Institute/Flickr. ...
  • What salary do you think you deserve? ...
  • Why should I hire you? ...
  • What didn't you like about your last job? ...
  • Where do you see yourself in three to five years?
Jan 5, 2018

What does SDLC stand for? ›

The Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) is a structured process that enables the production of high-quality, low-cost software, in the shortest possible production time.

What is SDLC model? ›

A software development life cycle (SDLC) model is a conceptual framework describing all activities in a software development project from planning to maintenance. This process is associated with several models, each including a variety of tasks and activities.

What are the 7 most common interview questions and answers? ›

7 most common interview questions
  1. Where do you see yourself in five years? ...
  2. What are your strengths/weaknesses? ...
  3. Why should we hire you? ...
  4. Tell me about yourself / your past work experience. ...
  5. Why do you want to work for us? ...
  6. What are your salary expectations? ...
  7. What skills or experience will help you succeed in this role?

What is a good weakness? ›

List of Weaknesses for Job Interview
  • Lack of Patience.
  • Lack of Organization.
  • Trouble with Delegation.
  • Timidity.
  • Lack of Tactfulness.
  • Fear of Public Speaking.
  • Weak Data Analysis Skills.
  • Indecisiveness.
Dec 14, 2021

How do I prepare for an engineering interview? ›

Here are some tips for what to do before your engineering interview:
  1. Reflect on your skills. ...
  2. Research the company. ...
  3. Practice with another engineer. ...
  4. Prepare for common engineering interview questions. ...
  5. Dress for success. ...
  6. Bring your resume. ...
  7. Show your social skills. ...
  8. Bring up previous projects.

What are 3 good interview questions? ›

10 Common Job Interview Questions and How to Answer Them
  • Could you tell me about yourself and describe your background in brief? ...
  • How did you hear about this position? ...
  • What type of work environment do you prefer? ...
  • How do you deal with pressure or stressful situations? ...
  • Do you prefer working independently or on a team?
Nov 11, 2021

What are 15 good interview questions? ›

15 interview questions you should be prepared to answer
  • Tell me about yourself? ...
  • Why do you want to work for [insert company name]? ...
  • How did you hear about this job? ...
  • Tell me about something on your resume. ...
  • Why are you looking for a job? ...
  • Why should we hire you? ...
  • Where do you see yourself in five years?
Aug 9, 2020

What are 50 common interview questions and answers? ›

50+ most common job interview questions
  • Tell me about yourself.
  • Walk me through your resume.
  • How did you hear about this position?
  • Why do you want to work at this company?
  • Why do you want this job?
  • Why should we hire you?
  • What can you bring to the company?
  • What are your greatest strengths?

How do I prepare for a 2022 interview? ›

Here are the most important interview skills to focus on and how to make sure you project professionalism and expertise in your field.
  1. Interview preparation.
  2. Know the company.
  3. Speaking skills (clear, cohesive, calm)
  4. Think first, speak second.
  5. Listening.
  6. Show interest, not desperation.
  7. Show gratitude.

What are the exams for software engineer? ›

The most popular entrance exams used for admission to BTech Software Engineering include JEE Main & Advanced, WBJEE, KLUEEE, SRMJEEE, and CUCET.

What is SRS software engineering? ›

A software requirements specification (SRS) is a document that describes what the software will do and how it will be expected to perform. It also describes the functionality the product needs to fulfill all stakeholders (business, users) needs.

What is the software engineer? ›

A software engineer is a person who applies the principles of software engineering to design, develop, maintain, test, and evaluate computer software. The term programmer is sometimes used as a synonym, but may also lack connotations of engineering education or skills.

What is Cocomo in software engineering? ›

Cocomo (Constructive Cost Model) is a regression model based on LOC, i.e number of Lines of Code. It is a procedural cost estimate model for software projects and is often used as a process of reliably predicting the various parameters associated with making a project such as size, effort, cost, time, and quality.


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